The question is not whether two separate agreements on the same case can be concluded at exactly the same time. By simultaneous agreement, a clause „replaces the previous clause“ means any agreement in force at the time of entry into force of the new clause (or shortly before the entry into force of the new agreement). (b) this Agreement has been freely negotiated between the Contracting Parties, each of which has obtained independent legal advice; And what is a contractual clause? An entire contractual clause is a good example of a boilerplate provision on which the parties negotiate for a short time, but whose terms may have unintended or unintended consequences on the contract and the rights of the parties. (a) Where a written contract contains a clause stating that the document contains all the contractual conditions („merger clause“, „comprehensive contractual clause“), all prior declarations, commitments or agreements not contained in the document are not part of the treaty. I understand that a new agreement can replace an older agreement. All that needs to be done in this case is to determine the time at which all the others were made, and in comparison, you can know that one is especially the most recent. But I do not understand how one agreement can replace all the agreements simultaneously. I understand „at the same time“, am I wrong? Is it possible that two separate agreements are concluded at exactly the same time? What will happen if other agreements have this clause (which it replaces all other agreements)? If it is possible that several agreements are concluded at exactly the same time (which I mean exactly at the same time, which I am not sure is possible), does this not replace several agreements? 3. Correction – A third restriction of a comprehensive treaty clause is that it cannot be used to prevent the correction of a unilateral or frequent error in circumstances where a treaty does not represent a true representation of what has actually been agreed by the parties. Questions relating to the effectiveness of entire contractual clauses seem to arise more and more frequently in disputes, in particular with regard to disputes related to long-term contracts such as joint ventures, long-term supply agreements, long-term financing agreements or amendments and/or renewals of such agreements or agreements for which the parties have had a long period of activity.
. . .