The Belfast Agreement 1998

the Good Friday Agreement (GFA) or Belfast Agreement (in Irish: Comhaontú Aoine à Chéasta or Comhaontú Bhéal Feirste); Ulster-Scots: Guid Friday Greeance or Bilfawst Greeance), [1] is a couple of agreements signed on 10 April 1998 that ended most of the violence of the Troubles, a political conflict in Northern Ireland that has emerged since the late 1960s. This was an important development in the peace process in Northern Ireland in the 1990s. Northern Ireland`s current system of de decentralised government is based on the agreement. The Agreement also created a number of institutions between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, as well as between the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom. As part of the agreement, it was proposed to rely on the existing Anglo-Irish interparliamentary body. Prior to the agreement, the body was composed only of parliamentarians from the British and Irish parliaments. In 2001, as proposed in the agreement, it was extended to include parliamentarians from all members of the Anglo-Irish Council. London`s direct rule ended in Northern Ireland when power officially left the new Northern Ireland Assembly, the North-South Council of Ministers and the Anglo-Irish Council, when the first regulations relating to the Anglo-Irish Agreement entered into force on 2 December 1999. [15] [16] [17] In accordance with Article 4(2) of the Anglo-Irish Agreement (Agreement between the British and Irish Governments for the implementation of the Belfast Agreement), the two governments must inform each other in writing of compliance with the conditions for the entry into force of the Anglo-Irish Agreement. entry into force should take place upon receipt of those two notifications. [18] The British government agreed to participate in a televised ceremony at Iveagh House in Dublin, the Irish Foreign Office.

Peter Mandelson, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, took part very early on 2 December 1999. He spoke with David Andrews, the Irish Foreign Secretary. Shortly after the ceremony, at 10.30am, the Taoiseach, Bertie Ahern, signed the declaration of formal amendment to Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution. He then announced to Dáil the entry into force of the Anglo-Irish Agreement (including certain supplementary agreements to the Belfast Agreement). [7] [19] In 2004, negotiations took place between the two governments, the DUP and Sinn Féin, with a view to an institution-building agreement. These talks failed, but a document released by governments detailing changes to the Belfast Agreement has been known as the „Global Agreement“.