Despite the agreed ceasefire, Turkey reserves „the right to return the favor to any attack“ by Syrian President Bashar al-Assad`s troops, Erdogan has warned. War detention (POW) was an important and problematic issue in the negotiations.  The Communists held 10,000 prisoners of war and UNC 150,000 prisoners of war.  PvA, KPA and UNC were unable to agree on a return system because many VPA and KPA soldiers refused to be repatriated to the North, which was unacceptable to the Chinese and North Koreans.  In the final ceasefire agreement, signed on 27 July 1953, a return commission of the Neutral Nations, chaired by Indian General K. S. Thimayya, was established to deal with the issue.  South Korea never signed the ceasefire agreement, with President Syngman Rhee refusing to accept power.   China normalized relations and signed a peace agreement with South Korea in 1992. In 1994, China withdrew from the Military Ceasefire Commission, leaving North Korea and the UN command essentially the only participants in the ceasefire agreement.   In 2011, South Korea declared that North Korea had violated the ceasefire 221 times.  Over the years, U.S. presidents have made statements in support of Korean War Veterans Ceasefire Day.
For example, on July 26, 2017, President Donald Trump, modelled on all U.S. presidents since Eisenhower, proclaimed July 27, National Korean War Veterans Armistice Day.   Erdogan had previously repeatedly rejected the idea of a ceasefire and said that his government would not negotiate with a terrorist organization it considers terrorist. The agreement is the result of President Donald Trump`s unambiguous handling last week and the success of negotiations in Ankara under Vice President Mike Pence, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and National Security Adviser Robert O`Brien, backed by a team of experienced and dedicated diplomats and military officers. Article IV (paragraph 60) of the ceasefire agreement calls for a political conference to be held within three months of the signing of the agreement to „ensure the peaceful settlement of the Korean issue.“  In April 1954, a conference was held in Geneva, during which the three-month period was missed by six months. The conference focused on two separate conflicts: the conflict in Korea; and the conflict in Indochina. The United States, the USSR, France, China, North Korea and South Korea participated in discussions on the Korean conflict.